Galileo Galilei "vehemently suspect of heresy" 1633

Wednesday, June 22, 1633

Tomb of Galileo GalileiFollowing the publication of the "Dialogues on the Two Chief World Systems" in late 1632, Galileo is summoned to Rome by Pope Urban VIII, and is called before the Holy Office of the Inquisition in April 1633. He is charged with heresy, and he was urged to repent for defending the Copernican doctrine that the Sun is at the center of the universe and that the earth moves.

 

On the 22nd of June 1633 he is taken to the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, and ordered to kneel while his sentence was read. It was declared that he was "vehemently suspect of heresy", and he is forced to sign and read a confession:

 

I have been judged vehemently suspect of heresy, that is, of having held and believed that the sun in the centre of the universe and immoveable, and that the earth is not at the center of same, and that it does move. Wishing however, to remove from the minds of your Eminences and all faithful Christians this vehement suspicion reasonably conceived against me, I abjure with a sincere heart and unfeigned faith, I curse and detest the said errors and heresies, and generally all and every error, heresy, and sect contrary to the Holy Catholic Church.