Glossary beginning with W
Religious figures such as Saints and Bishops that may appear in stained glass, sculpture, and etc. Also terms with an Ecclesiastical meaning.
- Walter de Cantelupesearch for term
Walter de Cantelupe, bishop of worcester from 1236-1266. Was a supporter of Robert Grosseteste's opposition to the appointment of foreign prelates to English There's a rectory with pointed gables and strange odd chimneys that never smokes,
For the Rector don't live on his living like other Christian sort of folks; ">There's a rectory with pointed gables and strange odd chimneys that never smokes,
For the Rector don't live on his living like other Christian sort of folks; ">church livings, he also supported Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, when the barons reasserted their rights under Magna Charta and attempted to gain more powers to the baronial council. In 1258 when the barons forced Henry III to agree to the Provisions of Oxford, Walter was elected as one of the committee of 24 that were empowered to reform the administration. During the Second Baron's War of 1264-1267 he blessed the de Montfort troops before the Battle of Lewes (1264), and entertained Simon de Montfort the night before the Battle of Evesham (1265) where de Montfort was killed. Walter died a year later on February 4, 1266.
- Weighing of Soulssearch for term
In Christian theology the souls of the dead are weighed so as to judge them. This is based on the theory that sin is heavy and thus those that do not pass the test are destined for hell. Archangel Michael is normally assigned this role in Apocalyptic and Doom paintings.
In Egyptian mythology the heart of the dead is weighed by Anubis on the scales of Maat against that of a feather to determine whether the person is worthy to join the ancient gods.Synonyms: Weighing Souls, Weighing the Souls
- William de Bloissearch for term
Bishop of Worcester 1218-1236. In his first year as bishop he imposed restrictive measures against the Jewish community of Worcester, although William Marshal, the regent of Henry III, had confirmed the right of Jews to live there unmolested. He was responsible for the building of the Lady Chapel where his tomb rests.
- William de Kilkennysearch for term
Lord Chancellor of England 1254 and Bishop of Ely from 1254 - 1256. Ambassador to Spain, where he died and was buried at Sugho. His heart was buried at Ely Cathedral.
- William Estoutevillesearch for term
William Estouteville (1403-1483). He came from a rich and powerful family allied to French King. He was made a cardinal by Pope Eugene IV in 1439. In 1451 he was the Papal Legate sent by Pope Nicholas V to negotiate a peace between Charles VII of France and Henry VI of England. The following year (1452) he reformed the statutes of the University of Paris.
Made archbishop of Rouen in 1453, he led the commission in 1455 that conducted the procès de rehabilitation of Joan of Arc. As archbishop of Rouen he was responsible for the construction of the Cathedral's two towers and the archbishop's palace.
In 1458 he was a candidate for the Papacy losing out by one vote to Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini, who became Pope Pius II.Synonyms: William d'Estouteville